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Diabetes; Causes, Symptoms And Management


Diabetes is a chronic condition associated with abnormally high levels of sugar (glucose) in
the blood. 

There are two types of Diabetes:
° Type 1 Diabetes 
the body lacks the ability to produce insulin. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1.

° Type 2 Diabetes 
 the body does not produce enough insulin for proper
function. The type 2 Diabetes is more widespread because approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type.

Symptoms
. Frequent urination. 
. excessive thirst and hunger. 
. Unusual weight loss. 
. fatigue. 
. skin problems.
. slow healing wounds.
. yeast infections. 
. blurred vision. 
. numbness in the feet and hands.

Management and Treatment 
The type 1 Diabetes although cannot be prevented,  it can be managed with insulin, exercise , and a diabetic diet .
Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They must also ensure proper blood-glucose levels by carrying out regular blood tests and following a special diet.

The first step to take in treating type 2 Diabetes is weight reduction, a type 2 diabetic diet , and exercise. oral medications are used it for the above fails to help the treatment. If oral medications are insufficient, insulin and other injectable medications are substituted. 
Regular exercises also help. 

Unlike the type 1 Diabetes,  type 2 Diabetes can be prevented. 
Overweight and obese people have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with a healthy body weight.

Note: Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women with high level of glucose in their blood without proper production of insulin in the body to transport all of the glucose into their cells, thus,  the glucose increases. 

Blood-glucose-controlling medications, Exercise and diet can help check this... 

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